Clerk: Randy Lichti 1619 Diamond Rd. New Hamburg Ontario Canada N3A 2X5
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2018 Ontario Hoof Trimmers Guild

Welcome to Ontario Hoof Trimmers Guild - Est. June 2006

Regulations

As there are no regulations directly pertaining to hoof trimming in Canada, the field for trimming cattle is a wide open concept in the market place.


There is no governing body or licensing agency that hoof trimmers are accountable to except their clients and their own level of professionalism which is variable between hoof trimmers


 

As of  May 1st 2018  Regulation 761 of the Ontario Milk Act governed by the Province of Ontario and administered by Dairy Farmers of Ontario is now in effect.  This impacts every dairy farm in the province including those dairy farms that use hoof trimmers as a service providers on their farms. 


Animal Care and Welfare Regulations

The new animal care and welfare regulations will become part of the Grade A inspection program and include:

a. prohibition of docking of cattle's tails unless medically necessary as determined and documented by a veterinarian

b. prohibition of housing cattle whose tails are docked on or after May 1st 2018 unless done in accordance with the above requirement

c. provision of clean and comfortable housing

d. cattle hooves in good condition

e. provision of adequate ration and access to water

f. animal identification per federal regulations 

g. adherence to provincial and federal animal transportation regulations 

h proper storage of deadstock until removal or disposal per provincial regulations and 

i. provision of a veterinary report and requirement to follow orders issued by the Director of Compliance when there is evidence of potential animal welfare issues

Guidelines

In Canada there are two national programs under the pervue of Dairy Farmers of Canada

1. Canadian Quality Milk Program (CQM) working to provide farmers with  knowledge to prevent issues that may negatively influence milk quality from entering the food chain (visit www.dairyfarmers.ca ) for more information


2. Pro Action which has many facets includes best practices to keep animals in healthy and comfortable condition.

Both have a base reference which is 

  

Code of Practice for the

Care and Handling of Dairy Cattle 2009

developed by the National Farm Animal Care Council (NFACC)  visit www.nfacc.ca 

http://www.nfacc.ca/pdfs/codes/dairy_code_of_practice.pdf


Excepts relating to hoof trimming

 


“Feet and claws must be inspected and trimmed to minimize lameness.”


 Each claw must be trimmed to its own “normal” structure *
   

*(NFACC reference A Second Opinion, Are we trimming our cows correctly? 

Dr. Ladd Siebert Dec. 2008

Goals

  }Successful hoof care should reflect the lameness goals for the dairy industry should be below 10 % 

Recommended Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Dairy Cattle 2009

Temple Grandin -2011 –

} }Sub Goals }< 10% of cows with ulcers }< 15% of cows with digital dermatitis   

How do we achieve this?

The recommended best practices are:

a.use a gait scoring system, (appendix F) to routinely observe cows for lameness and aim for a prevalence of 

<10% for obvious or severe lameness ie. score 3 or 4

or as above in the goals section

c. ensure alleyways are cleaned daily

d. ensure stalls are comfortable and that cows are lying down in stalls

e. minimize exposure to concrete floors

f. routinely trim the hooves on  all cows as needed ( eg. twice per year)

g.balance the ration to prevent sub-clinical rumen acidosis

h. avoid feeding large amounts of conentrate in a single feeding

i. routinely use a foot bath and change routinely to maintain effectiveness (at least once daily)

Source : NFACC Recommneded Code of Pracitce for the Care and Handling of Dairy Cattle 2009